The Albigensian Crusade or the Cathar Crusade (1209–1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by Pope Innocent III to eliminate Catharism in the area of Languedoc, France. The Crusade was prosecuted primarily by the French crown and promptly took on a political flavor, looking for a favourable realignment of the County of Toulouse in Languedoc, previously under a high level of influence from the Crown of Aragon.
From 1209 to 1225, the crusade was a military success for the French and the Pope. But the cruelty of their actions and the genocidal repression towards the Albigensians led to several revolts that marked the second part of the conflict. The Catharism was not eliminated in a significant way until 1244.
Many French knights and feudal lords participated in this campaign, attracted by the promise of forgiveness granted by the Pope in exchange for their participation. Names like Simon de Montfort or Arnaud Amalric and events like the Siege of Carcassonne or the Massacre at Béziers will be forever linked to this terrible conflict.
Our miniature portrays a French knight serving in one of the crusader’s retinues. He carries the usual arms and armour of the early XIII century for a western knight and can be painted in any convenient heraldry of this and some other conflicts.